South Omo, SOUTHERN NATIONS, NATIONALITIES, AND PEOPLES' REGION
The ABE is a specific model of non formal school equivalency program adopted by the Government of Ethiopia for children ages 7-14, in which learners cover the equivalent of the first four grades of primary school in just 3 years, and are then able to transit into the formal system. ABE is characterized by low-cost construction, community contribution to construction and school management, teaching is in Amharic or the local language depending on the teacher qualification, the facilitators are supposed to be from the local community. They are meant to adopt an accelerated learning and active and learner-centered teaching methodologies.
These pictures were taken during a UNICEF Ethiopia internal assessment of the delivery of Alternative Basic Education (ABE) of the pastoralist population of South Omo Zone of Southern Nations Nationalities People's Region (SNNPR).
The total pastoralist or agro-pastoralist population of South Omo is around 500.000, 3.5% of the total population in SNNPR living in 35% of the area.
The nature of the pastoralist in SNNPR is different from those of other regions. Their migratory movement can be defined as transhumance, a seasonal migration of livestock between ecological regions following peaks in pasture productivity.
They young boys of the family move in search of pasture while children, elderlies and mothers remain behind. We interviewed the five main pastoralist tribes in South Omo (Dasanech, Gnangaton, Benna, Tschay and Hamer tribes).